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Allow me to explain (4 of 439)

December 6, 2010
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Explanation is here. The ones you may have missed are here.

4. Was Abiathar the father or the son of Ahimelech? 1 Sam 22:20, 1 Sam 23:6, 2 Sam 8:17, 1 Chron 18:16, 1 Chron 24:6

‘Cause no one has ever named his son after his father.

1 Samuel 22:20//
Now one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David.

1 Samuel 23:6//
Now it happened, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David at Keilah, that he went down with an ephod in his hand.

2 Samuel 8:17//
Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were the priests; Seraiah was the scribe;

1 Chronicles 18:16//
And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;

1 Chronicles 24:6//
And the scribe, Shemaiah the son of Nethanel, one of the Levites, wrote them down before the king, the leaders, Zadok the priest, Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, and the heads of the fathers’ houses of the priests and Levites, one father’s house taken for Eleazar and onefor Ithamar.

The first two scriptures reference Abiathar as the son of Ahimelech. The last three reference Ahimelech as the son of Abiathar.

If we read the story being told in 1 Samuel 22, first, we find that King Saul, in a jealous rage, ordered Ahimelech – Abiathar’s father – killed along with 84 other priests. Abiathar escaped the slaughter, and went to find refuge with David. The scriptures above taken from 1 Samuel are referencing this event.

1 and 2 Samuel are chronological. 1 Samuel ends with Saul’s death, and 2 Samuel picks up with “after the death of Saul …”

So by 2 Samuel 8, David is king of Israel, and Abiathar is older and apparently has a family, including a son whom he named after his father. Abiathar’s son – Ahimelech II, as it were – was also a priest – ’cause you didn’t get out of that family business in the day.

Also by 2 Samuel 8, the Ahimelech who had been Abiathar’s father, is dead. There’s really no way that the Ahimelech referenced in 2 Samuel and the Chronicles could be the same one who was reported murdered in 1 Samuel.

Short answer: Yes.

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